In 1634, Tsar Michael issues an edict that prohibits anyone from smoking or trading tobacco. Users or vendors who are found to violate this rule are to be punished with a knout (an instrument made of a bunch of rawhide thongs attached to a long handle) for a first time offense, while repeat offenders are exiled to Siberia. A special court is established to deal with smokers/venders who disobey the rule.
Source: Austin, G. A. et al. (1979). Perspectives on the history of psychoactive substance use. NIDA.