1500 CE
Opium important in Indian culture, report Portuguese

Duarte Barbosa, a Portuguese traveler, makes observations about the opium consumption habits in India. He observes that Indians start to eat small quantities of opium as children and increase their use as they get older. Don Alfonso of Albuquerque, a Portuguese general, claims that Indians are lost without their opium and even informs the King of Portugal about it. At the time, an agreement ratified by people eating opium together is considered binding, a habit that illustrates the accepted and social nature of opium consumption.

Source: Austin, G. A. et al. (1979). Perspectives on the history of psychoactive substance use. NIDA.

Drugs: Opium (morphine, heroin, opioids)
Regions: India