c. 1200 - 1400 CE
Cannabis generally prohibited in medieval Muslim society

Whereas wine and gambling are explicitly prohibited in the Qur'an, no specific text gave guidance on hashish (cannabis). Nonetheless, the general legal attitude was against the use of hashish despite the fact that it was widely used in Muslim populations. Occasionally governments tried to take drastic steps against it but with little success.

For example, Baybars (1223-1277) prohibited wine and hashish and invoked the death penalty for those who used either. In the 14th century, Sudun ash-Shaykhuni punished people accused of making hashish by pulling out their molars. Neither attempt at prohibition appears to have had much effect other than killing and maiming a lot of people.

Source: Rosenthal, F. (2015). Man versus Society in Medieval Islam. Brill.

Drugs: Cannabis (marijuana)
Regions: Middle East
Topics: Prohibition